When implementing socio-economic analysis for livelihood programs, identify which persons and groups are socially excluded or marginalized in the community. For this you need to:
- Know the composition of a community in terms of people’s age, gender, disability, and social and economic status.
- See who attends community meetings and who does not; who speaks up and who does not express their views; and whose concerns and interests are being discussed.
- Analyse differences in the standard of living among groups in the community based on income level, quality of housing, food and clothing, ownership of new technology (e.g., mobile phones), ownership of bikes, motorbikes, outboard motorboats, etc.
- Observe social interactions to determine who is likely to be socially excluded. Are there people who are subject to harsh behaviour (including violence) and mockery, or who are ignored? Do people from some groups behave in a submissive way? Are they shy or silent? Do they stay away from social interaction?
- Analyse who has access to resources and various forms of capital and the ability to mobilise these assets.
Data that better quantifies the contributions of women, persons with disabilities and other relevant demographic groups will provide a platform for more inclusive policies and decision-making processes.