Policies and practices for disaster risk management should be based on an understanding of disaster risk in all its dimensions of vulnerability, capacity, exposure of persons and assets, hazard characteristics and the environment.
To achieve this, practice and promote the collection, analysis and dissemination of data which is disaggregated by sex, age and disability.
- Disaggregation by sex, age and disability (SAD) is a minimum requirement. Collect further data on other drivers disproportionate disaster risk where possible and culturally appropriate.
- Adapt questionnaires, needs assessment templates, data analysis set to include disaggregation of data on sex, age and disability.
- Make sure data collection measures are inclusive, such as ensuring wide representation of key informants, inclusive focus group discussion etc.
- For the disaggregation of data on disability, use appropriate and broadly tested methodologies like the Washington Group short set of questions and the UNICEF/Washington Group module on Child Functioning for children below five.
- Disaggregate data on age according to the following intervals: 0-5; 6-12; 13-17; 18-49; 50-59; 60-69; 70-79; and 80+.
- Disseminate data on sex, age and disability in aggregated form to respect data privacy and protect sensitive data.
The Sphere Project. The Sphere Handbook. Core Standard 3: Assessment
UNDRR. Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015 - 2030. 2015
International Disability Alliance. Joint Statement by the Disability Sector: Disability Data Disaggregation. 2017.