The twin-track approach is commonly used for advancing the rights of marginalised populations.
Applying a twin-track approach means:
Ensuring women, men, boys and girls from all at-risk groups (including older persons, persons with disabilities, persons from cultural minorities) have full access to mainstream preparedness, relief and rehabilitation activities, by removing barriers and facilitating access, and
At the same time, providing specific solutions and individualised support for persons at a disproportionate risk and higher dependency needs.
Specific, individualized support in an emergency response could be for example be volunteers bringing food rations and non-food items to people’s homes, additional nutrition rations, medical or rehabilitation services, and assistive devices. Here, collaboration with and referral to disabled people‘s organisations and disability-specific organisations is essential.
Regardless of whether it is part of a mainstream approach or specific intervention, consideration needs to be given to how different patterns of exclusion intersect (for example an older woman with a disability will face different barriers than a young man with a disability).
DFID. Disability, Poverty and Development. Department for International Development. UK. 2000.